Which of the following best describes the motion of the particles in a piece of steel? a. None are moving. b. A few are moving. c. All are moving. d. Most are moving.
Steel is a solid at standard temperature and pressure conditions. For a solid, the particles are found to be oscillating about a fixed point. However, steel is a metal so this holds true for the positively charged nuclei of the particles. Just like any other metal, the electrons are free to move about, allowing steel to exhibit its properties such as heat conduction and electricity conduction. The reason the positive particles are fixed in place is because the intermolecular forces are very strong in solids, the strongest out solids, liquids and gases.