What type of energy is involved when a river moves sediment and erodes its banks? a. chemical energy b. gravitational energy c. potential energy d. kinetic energy What happens as gravity pulls water down a slope? a. Kinetic energy changes to potential energy. b. Both kinetic and potential energy vanish. c. Energy is stored for future use. d. Potential energy changes to kinetic energy.
First question: The type of energy involved when a river moves sediment and erodes its banks is: option d. Kinetic energy. Kinetic energy is the energy associated with motion. A body (in this case the water) that moves has an energy associated with its motion that is proportional to the speed (exactly to the square of the speed). When the water collides with the banks it is the kinetic energy of the river that erodes it Second question: the answer is the option d. As gravity pulls water down a slope potential energy changes to knietic energy. This is the, water loses altitude and gains velocity. The potential energy. which is proportional to the height, decreases and the kinetic energy, which is proportional to the square of the speed, increases.