What is the name for the rocky upper layer of the solid earth? A. biosphere B. magnetosphere C. atmosphere D. lithosphere
The rocky upper layer of the solid earth is called the "lithosphere". This rocky part includes the brittle upper portion of the mantle and also of the crust. It is bounded by the atmosphere above and of the asthenosphere which is another part of the upper portion of the mantle.
Lithosphere is the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. Earth's lithosphere includes the crust and the uppermost mantle, which constitute the hard and rigid outer layer of the Earth. The lithosphere is subdivided into tectonic plates. The uppermost part of the lithosphere that chemically reacts to the atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere through the soil forming process is called the pedosphere. The lithosphere is underlain by the asthenosphere which is the weaker, hotter, and deeper part of the upper mantle.