three grandsons of the emperor Charlemagne became rulers became rulers of territories that would include all of the following modern day states except

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Charlemagne was the first ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, which included today's Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. Additionally, Charlemagne was a ruler of the Franks (today's France) So the Grandsons were rulers of Germany, Italy, France, but for example not ot England: so if England is among the options, this is the correct answer.

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