In peas, yellow seed color (Y) is dominant to green seed color (y). A homozygous green pea plant is crossed with a heterozygous yellow pea plant. What is the predicted phenotypic ratio of the offspring

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Each offspring will receive one allele from each parent, so the cross will be Yy with yy, resulting in four possible offspring: Yy, Yy, yy, and yy. Since Y is dominant to y, there will be two yellow for every four offspring or the ratio of 1/2 (Look up Punnet squares to understand this concept better)

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