If you knew the number of valence electrons in a nonmetal atom, how would you determine the valence of the element?

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Basically, nitrogen has 5 valence electrons and it needs 3 more valence electrons to be able to obtain a complete octet. Thus, after the bond, N2 contains 8 valence electrons. N2 is a chemical formula of Nitrogen gas. Nitrogen is called N2 and not N because it needs to be combined with other nitrogen element in order to complete its octet. This combination of 2 Nitrogen atoms is called triple bond with a symbol of ( : N ≡ N: )


Usually, the group number of the element would tell you the amount of valence electrons. In an element, their needs to be a full octet in order for it to be stable (aka happy element). Octet means 8 valence electrons in its orbital. 

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