An essay is a type of what: A. personal nonfiction. B. technical material. C. figurative language. D. fictional short story.
An essay is a type of B. technical material. Essays are used for many purposes, but most look to present the author's own argument. Essays are not a personal nonfiction, but their definition overlaps with that of an article, pamphlet or short story. Essays may either be formal or informal and are not a type of figurative language, which includes similies and metaphors.